Outsourcing software development in Ukraine vs Poland vs Romania in 2018

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Eastern Europe has become the primary destination for tech brands seeking to hire nearshore and offshore software development companies. This post will explore the region’s major outsourcing locations: Ukraine, Poland, and Romania. We will compare these countries’ markets and software outsourcing companies to help you decide which one suits you best.

Overview of markets for software outsourcing in Ukraine, Romania, and Poland

Being the go-to options for software development outsourcing in Eastern Europe, the three countries are home to hundreds of thousands of skilled programmers. Let’s begin with a brief overview of the markets for remote software development in Ukraine, Romania, and Poland.


A 45-million population combined with a nation-wide interest in programming as a vocation makes for a solid argument in favor of software companies in Ukraine. The country has 1000+ vendors ranging from web development studios and QA firms to large R&D centers and international software engineering providers.


One essential thing to note about Romania is that it has more programmers per capita than US, Russia, or India. Known for its web development professionals and fintech expertise, Romania can successfully compete with larger outsourcing destinations.


Giants like Microsoft and Oracle have been running R&D centers in Poland for decades. Compared to offshore software development companies in Ukraine and Romania, Polish vendors have more experience working directly for global brands.

Number of developers in Ukraine, Romania, and Poland

There’s a disclaimer to make before we can proceed with this section. Stats on the number of developers for each of the outsourcing destinations varies from source to source. Precise numbers are simply impossible to get. For this reason, we’ll use two different kinds of statistics:

  1. An estimate of StackOverflow users resident in one of the three outsourcing destinations. The selection covers the users active in threads related to mobile and web development, QA automation, and other software engineering topics.
  2. The numbers of employees reported by software development companies in Ukraine, Poland, or Romania.
infoshare.pl166,000254,000118,000Regular StackOverflow users
uadn.net100,000  Based on the total number of specialists working in IT companies (software developers, QAs, managers)
mckinsey.com 160,000 
techcrunch.com  95,000

In case with every country, you can expect that about 60% of these figures are software and web development professionals. Test automation engineers, designers, product and project managers constitute the remaining 40%.

Costs for software development outsourcing

The most precise way to compare prices across the three outsourcing destinations is to directly ask for quotes from outsourcing companies from Ukraine, Poland, and Romania. Thanks to Clutch.co, you can also look at the average rates of software outsourcing companies from each country’s leader matrix. That’s exactly what this section covers.

The table below includes the average minimum and maximum rates of the top-20 vendors in Ukraine, Romania, and Poland. The comparison covers both the leading offshore software development companies and the top contenders from each country.

Averages for min. and max. Rates for top-20 companies on Clutch

clutch.co$34–64$56–88$39–77Average min–max rates per hour for top-20 companies on Clutch.co

O’Reilly offers another trustworthy source of information on how much software and web development costs across major nearshore outsourcing destinations. In 2016, the media publisher unveiled a set of stats on median salaries of programmers across 27 countries.

Median developer salaries in 2016, according to O’Reily

Median salaries of developers in Ukraine, Poland, Romania, and other countries , O’Reilly 2016

Reputation of programmers from the three destinations

Programmer ratings offer a high-level picture of the reputation of Polish, Romanian, and Ukrainian web developers and software engineers. The two rating websites with an established reputation in the tech circles are HackerRank and TopCoder, so let’s use them as a benchmark.

In addition, Brainbench offers a rating of countries based on how many certified developers they have.


There are other things worth taking into account. The IAOP Global Outsourcing 100 rating mentions 13 companies from Ukraine. At least two of these 13 operate across Poland and Romania, too. Besides and at least two have offices in Poland and Ukraine.


Each of the three countries has a solid technical education system with scores of institutions teaching programming majors.


Bloomberg rates Ukraine’s post-secondary education as 5th best among the 50 countries from its innovation Index. Future Ukrainian web developers and software engineers can choose from 170+ state-owned institutes and universities that graduate over 16,000 IT specialists annually.

Besides, there are hundreds of private educational institutions and non-university programs teaching software development in Ukraine.


Romania ranks 6th among European countries by the number of certified software development specialists. The country has 5 large polytechnic universities, 59 technical institutes, and 170 technical colleges that teach computer science.


When it comes to the number of people with university diplomas, Poland is only second to Norway. NY Times reports that a little under 40% of Poles between 25 and 34 years of age are university graduates. About 10% of Europe’s CI students are studying in one of Poland’s universities.

Reputation among global software brands

Tech giants like Google and NASA are already hiring developers in Ukraine, Romania, and Poland. So should you follow suite? This section covers the brands that already outsource or outstaff their software development operations to one of the three countries.


Giants like Samsung and Microsoft have been operating offshore R&D centers in Ukraine for years. Ukrainian web developers are the core workforce behind Magento, the world’s largest e-commerce platform. Another web development giant Wix has a nearshore office in the country. Home security platform Ring also outsources its R&D to Ukraine.

Mainstream game publishers working with Ukrainian software outsourcing companies include Ubisoft, Electronic Arts, and Activision. The client portfolios of Ukrainian offshore software development companies also feature high-tech manufacturers like IBM, Boeing, and Ford.


The attention of the western banking sector towards Romanian programmers makes for an interesting distinguishing feature. As of 2016–2018, more than 2000–2500 Romanian developers were working for fintech companies. For many, employment in the banking sector offered 10–20% higher salaries compared to similar positions in other business niches.

The examples of banking and fintech brands outsourcing software development in Romania include Deutsche Bank, UniCredit, UBS, Societe Generale, and ING.

As for other niches, major brands working with outsourcing companies from Romania include Hewlett-Packard, Ericsson, Huawei, and Gameloft. Besides, hundreds of Romanian programmers work in the offshore development centers of Microsoft, Oracle, and IBM.


IT companies in Poland employ about 55,000 of the 140,000 software development specialists, the rest engaged in manufacturing, FMCG, banking, and other niches. Out of those 55K, about 19,000 constitute the workforce of software outsourcing vendors. The remaining 34,000 are working either directly for western brands, or in offshore development centers of Microsoft, HP, IBM, Opera and the likes.

Software products a country is known for

While Romania isn’t really famous for world-class software products of its own, both Ukraine and Poland have something to boast of. Poland’s game development studio has won worldwide recognition for it Witcher series. In the meantime, WhatsApp founder Jan Koum is Ukrainian. The country is also home to Petcube, a Kickstarter success story, as well as two famous games, S.T.A.L.K.E.R and Metro 2033.

Bottom line: where to outsource software development?

To sum everything up, the table below summarizes the key points of comparison for Ukraine, Poland, and Romania.

 Number of developersMax-min hourly ratesHackerRankTopCoderBrainbench

Comparing the three, no country is a clear winner. Ukraine’s dynamic market and slightly lower prices make for an excellent environment for startups and product companies. Romania, on the other hand, seems to have a well-rooted expertise in fintech, while Poland touts splendid conditions for large R&D projects. Of course, this distinction leaves a lot of blurred lines.

In case Ukraine is the software outsourcing destination that you’re likely to consider, AgileEngine is the perfect place to turn your idea into a product that people will actually love.

Our team has more than 13 years of proven experience with custom software development. We’ve launched two successful product of our own, and our engineers have been honing their skills on a wide array of applications. We’ve built UIs, full stack web applications, mobile apps, and enterprise software.

Care to learn more? Check out our portfolio or contact us and tell us about your project.


Established in 2010, AgileEngine is a privately held company based in the Washington DC area. We rank among the fastest-growing US companies on the Inc 5000 list and are recognized as a top-3 software developer in DC on Clutch.

Established in 2010, AgileEngine is a privately held company based in the Washington DC area. We rank among the fastest-growing US companies on the Inc 5000 list and are recognized as a top-3 software developer in DC on Clutch.

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